Sensory System

What Does Sensory Processing or System Mean and What It Has to do with Autism?

The term 'Sensory Processing' refers to our ability to take in information through our senses and to organise and interpret that information, and make a meaningful response. The seven senses are fundamental to a child's ability to learn & function in any environment. For those with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), there is a range of sensory sensitivities, from hyper (over responsive) to hypo (under responsive) reactions to the particular sensory input. These reactions can have a major impact on behaviour in response to sensory stimulation.

The VestibularSystem is important for the development of balance, coordination, eye control, attention, being secure with movement and some aspects of language development. It is composed of receptors in the inner ear and connections between them and other areas of the central nervous system. Other senses also contribute to the vestibular system:

  • Sight – visual neurons respond to vestibular stimulation (e.g. when spinning, head shaking, or rocking). Damage to the vestibular organs of the inner ear can be compensated by using visual information to maintain their balance.
  • Hearing – the vestibular and auditory nerves join in the auditory canal and anything that disrupts auditory information can also affect vestibular functioning.
  • Touch – hands and fingers, for example, send information to the brain about the relationship between the body and stationary surfaces in the environment. If the brain loses information from the vestibular organs of the inner ear, balance can be maintained by simply touching a vertical or horizontal surface with the fingertips.

Proprioception is the process by which the body utilises receptors in the muscles to track the position of joints in the body (CalmWear sensory compression provides continual proprioceptive feedback to the wearer throughout the day). The proprioceptive sense is composed of information from sensory neurons located in the inner ear (motion and orientation) and in the stretch receptors located in the muscles and the joint-supporting ligaments.

A neurotypical person is able to move a part of their body, such as a hand or foot, and without looking can know what that part is doing and where it is in space. Proprioception makes this easy to do. Without proprioception, the brain cannot feel what the body part is doing, and the process must be carried out in more conscious and calculated steps, using vision to compensate for the lost feedback. A recent example was a woman with Autism who needed to look at her feet to navigate stairs, not just to see the stairs, but because she did not have the proprioceptive feedback to know the position of her feet.

These mechanisms along with the vestibular system, a fluid filled network within the inner ear that can feel the pull of gravity and helps the body keep oriented and balanced, are used by the brain to provide a constant input of sensory information. The brain can then make unconscious adjustments to the muscles and joints in order to achieve movement and balance.

Sizing Charts

We have already allowed for the correct amount of gentle sensory compression, so please use the exact chest measurement when deciding on size.

If your measurement is between two sizes, you are best choosing the smaller size. CalmWear needs to provide gentle sensory compression to the muscles, to work effectively.

CHILD SINGLETS/VESTS & T-SHIRTS

Size

Chest

CM Inches
0 46cm 18"
1 48cm 19"
2 52cm 20.5"
3 54cm 21"
4 56cm 22"
5 58cm 23"
6 60cm 23.5"
7 62cm 24.5"
8 64cm 25"
9 66cm 26"
10 68cm 26.5"
12 70cm 27.5"
14 74cm 29"
16 78cm 30.5"
18 82cm 31.5"

 

CHILD SHORTS & LEGGINGS PANTS

Size

Waist

CM Inches
0 43cm 17"
1 45cm 17.5"
2 47cm 18.5"
3 49cm 19.5"
4 51cm 20"
5 53cm 21"
6 55cm 21.5"
7 57cm 22.5"
8 59cm 23"
9 61cm 23.5"
10 63cm 24.5"
12 65cm 25.5"
14 67cm 26.5"
16 72cm 28.5"
18 77cm 30.5"

 

CHILD BODY SUIT

Size
Chest
Shoulder to Crotch
CM Inches CM Inches
2 52cm 20.5" 44cm 17.5"
3 54cm 21" 46cm 18"
4 56cm 22" 48cm 19"
5 58cm 23" 50cm 19.5"
6 60cm 23.5" 52cm 20.5"
7 62cm 24.5" 54cm 21"
8 64cm 25" 56cm 22"
9 66cm 26" 58cm 23"
10 68cm 27" 62cm 24.5"
12 72cm 28.5" 66cm 26"
14 76cm 30" 72cm 28.5"

 

ADULT SINGLETS & SHIRTS

(Please note: For women, the chest is measured under the bust )

Size

Chest

CM Inches
XXS 80cm 31.5"
XS 84cm 33"
S 90cm 35.5"
M 96cm 38"
L 102cm 40"
XL 108cm 42.5"
2XL 114cm 45"
3XL 120cm 47"
4XL 126cm 49.5"

 

ADULT SHORTS:

Size

Waist

CM Inches
XS 84cm 33"
S 88cm 35"
M 92cm 36.5"
L 97cm 38"
XL 102cm 40"
2XL 107cm 42"